What Is Gabapentin 100 mg
Gabapentin 100 mg is a prescription medicine that’s used to treat partial seizures in adults and children who are at least 3 years old.
More commonly, it's prescribed for nerve pain that's caused by herpes-family viruses (for which it is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration) or other causes for which it is prescribed "off-label."
Gabapentin is in a class of drugs called anticonvulsants. The medicine works by calming excitement in the brain and changing the way your body senses pain.
The FDA approved this medicine in 1993.
What is Gabapentin 100 mg used for?
Gabapenti 100 mg are used to treat epilepsy to control seizures in several forms of epilepsy, ranging from partial to generalized tonic-clonic seizures, in adults who have not responded to other antiepileptic drugs; also to control partial seizures in children. Neurontin capsules are also used to control neuropathic (nerve) pain in adults, including, painful diabetic neuropathy and post-herpetic neuralgia, caused by shingles (herpes zoster), to reduce pain sensations primarily in the arms and legs, such as burning, stabbing, or shooting pain, with tingling numbness or pins and needles.
When should Gabapentin not be used?
You should not use Gabapentin 100 mg if you:
- are allergic to gabapentin or any ingredients in Neurontin capsules
- are pregnant or are breastfeeding, without discussion with your doctor
- have mixed seizure disorders that include absence seizures
- have kidney disease
- develop pancreatitis
Gabapentin 100 mg for nerve pain
Gabapentin 100 mg contain Neurontin , an anticonvulsant that is also effective at reducing nerve pain and is used to control several types of neuropathic (nerve) pain in adults, including, painful diabetic neuropathy and post-herpetic neuralgia, caused by shingles (herpes zoster). Although the exact mechanism of action of Gabapentin 100 mg is not known, it is thought to work by binding to specific receptors in the brain, which suppresses transmission of certain excitatory nerve signals from the brain to the central nervous system, and this reduces pain sensations primarily in the arms and legs, such as burning stabbing shooting or shooting pain, with tingling numbness or pins and needles.
How should Gabapentin 100 mg be taken?
You should take your Gabapentin 100 mg whole with a glass of water with or without food, 3 times daily and do not allow more than 12 hours between doses. The dose you take depends on what you are being treated for and your doctor’s recommendations. Your doctor may increase your dose gradually depending on how well your condition is controlled. You should not suddenly stop taking your Gabapentin 100 mg as this may cause withdrawal side effects, instead your doctor will reduce your dose gradually over one week, when you are ready to discontinue treatment. You should continue to take your Gabapentin 100 mg for as long as recommended by your doctor even if you are feeling better, as Gabapentin 100 mg helps control your condition but does not cure it.
What are the side effects of Gabapentin ?
The most commonly reported side effects when taking Gabapentin 100 mg include: dizziness or light-headedness, fatigue, drowsiness, fever, lack of coordination (ataxia), gastrointestinal upset (constipation, diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting), dry mouth, red swollen gums, muscle pain, cramps, back pain, forgetfulness, loss of concentration confusion or abnormal thinking, difficulty speaking, weight changes, hypertension, vasodilatation, visual disturbances, peripheral oedema (swelling of the hands or feet), nystagmus (involuntary eye movement), skin rash, itching. Other side effects more common in children include: infection, emotional lability.
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